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Guida passo-passo Microsoft VirtualBox

How to install Windows 1.04 in VirtualBox

In this guide we will see how to install Windows 1.04 in VirtualBox.

Windows 1.04 was marketed in 1985 and was a first step towards a real operating system with a multitasking graphical interface. Release 1.04, used in this guide, was released in 1987 and is the last released version of Windows 1.x.

Prerequisites

Windows 1.x is not configured as a full-fledged operating system but is more of a complement to MS-DOS. Windows 1.x needs MS-DOS to boot.

If you haven’t installed MS-DOS in your virtual machine yet, you can use this simple guide to learn how. It is only a matter of a few minutes.

You can also download Windows 1.x from the WinWorld site.

Windows installation

Start the virtual machine, and only then insert the Windows disk 1 into the virtual floppy drive. Starting the machine immediately with the floppy inserted will cause us to return an error message.

VirtualBox error message
VirtualBox error message

Once MS-DOS5 is started, we select “A”> “setup.exe” and press enter.

MS-DOS screen 5
MS-DOS screen 5

Alternatively, you can also start the installation from the command line, by typing:

A:\setup.exe

The installation – very spartan – of Windows 1.04 will then start.

Windows 1.04 installation welcome screen
Windows 1.04 installation welcome screen

We press “c” to continue. Once asked for confirmation of the Windows installation folder, press “enter” to continue.

Confirmation of the installation folder
Confirmation of the installation folder

The Windows setup will show us the necessary information to indicate. We continue by pressing “c”.

Screen showing the information needed during setup
Screen showing the information needed during setup

We select the keyboard layout that suits us best by typing the corresponding number and pressing “enter”.

Keyboard layout selection screen
Keyboard layout selection screen

At this point we will be asked to indicate if we have a mouse peripheral.

Warning: Windows 1.x does not natively support PS / 2 mice. Therefore, our mouse emulated by VirtualBox will not be usable.

To solve this problem, I have created a modified package, with which to also install the drivers to support PS / 2 mice. For more information and to download the modified package, read this article.

Mouse driver selection screen
Mouse driver selection screen
Graphics adapter selection screen
Graphics adapter selection screen

When prompted, we insert the next Windows floppy disk and continue.

Request to insert another Windows floppy disk
Request to insert another Windows floppy disk

When asked whether to install a printer, we type “n”.

Request to install a printer
Request to install a printer

The Windows installation will be finished after inserting the last floppy disk.

End of Windows installation
End of Windows installation

Once back in MS-DOS, we can start Windows by simply typing “WIN”.

However, once the computer has restarted, to start Windows again we will have to type:

C:\WINDOWS\WIN
Windows 1.04 screen
Windows 1.04 screen

And finally, Windows 1.04 in all its glory. Have fun!